HIV and AIDS Epidemic in the Republic of Armenia

Allocation of HIV cases registered in the Republic of Armenia is as follows:

Transmission through heterosexual practices 64.5%
Transmission through injecting drug usage 26%
Transmission through homosexual practices 2.6%
Mother-to-child transmission 1.7%
Transmission through blood 0.2%
Unknown 5%

AIDS diagnosis was made to 1140 patients with HIV, of whom 289 are women and 24 are children. 172 of all the AIDS cases have been registered during 2014. From the beginning of the epidemic 495 death cases have been registered among HIV/AIDS patients (including 85 women and 8 children).

Almost all the individuals infected via injecting drug use were men and almost all the women (96.7%) were infected through sexual contacts.

The maximum number of HIV cases was reported in Yerevan, the capital: 723 cases, which constitute 32.7% of all the registered cases. Shirak marz follows next – 253 cases, which constitute 11.4% of all the registered cases. The estimation of HIV registered cases per 100 000 population shows the highest rate in Shirak marz – 100.7, followed by Lori, Gegarkunik and Armavir marzes, with the rates of 93.3, 69.6, and 69.6 respectively.

The HIV/AIDS situation assessment shows that the estimated number of people living with HIV in the country is about 3800.