From April to June 2014, “New Generation” Humanitarian NGO examined the national legislation and international obligations on LGBT rights, made comparisons with the practices in other countries. The main fields of the study are:
- The decriminalization of LGBT people
- Hate speech against LGBT persons
- The right to gay marriage
- The right to change biological sex
- The right of access to health care services
- LGBT rights in penitentiaries
In almost all countries, during formation of democracy and civil society the LGBT movement and the fight for equal rights has always been a critical issue. In almost all societies, the idea of equal rights and diversity issues raised against the spread of intolerance and sexual orientation stereotypes. Traditional long existence of “standards” are typical patterns in families, which is a problem for the rights protection of LGBT persons.
As in other former Soviet republics, in Armenia the rights of LGBT people have been violated. They are the targets of stigma and discrimination. This is evidenced by the recent proposal of the police on the amendments in “Administrative law” which add “non-traditional sexual propaganda”, in Article 47.8.
Although the bill has been withdrawn and removed from consideration, however, this step taken by the police show the existence of potential threats against targeted individuals and which must be regulated by law. In this case, if not directly then at least indirectly, target is the LGBT community. LGBT-related issues have more acute manifestations in the regions who are not yet ready to break stereotypes and accept them as full members of the society.
The same problem is also present in the Armenian media. Considering the fact that the media are responsible for the public opinion for the certain period of time, their involvement in the dissemination of LGBT issues in the distribution may qualify as propaganda and slander.
It is also important to emphasize that the majority of human rights organizations do not take responsibility in provinces to protect the rights of LGBT people, having the fear of losing prestige.
While addressing the problems in the field, should be noted that there is also a need to clarify the concepts defining LGBT people.